Випуск 1 (10) 2019
Abstract. The article substantiates the relevance and significance of scientific research of the problems of state response to threats of social and political stability. The analysis of scientific researches, normative-legal base of the sphere of reaction to crisis situations that influence social and political stability is carried out. The model of the state response to threats of social and political stability is formed.
Key words: state reaction, mechanisms of state administration, national security of Ukraine, threats of social and political stability, crisis situations.
2. Vasilieva L. STUDY OF THE ESSENCE OF THE CATEGORY «PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION»
Abstract. The essence of the categories of «management» and «public administration» is investigated. The main features of public administration are considered. It is determined that public administration in human society has organizing, directing and controlling influence, as an act of the subject of public administration aimed at the object of state administration. Describing public administration, it is necessary to note, first of all, the subordinate activity of the executive authorities, aimed at the practical organization of the normal life of society and ensuring personal safety of citizens, creating conditions for their material, cultural and spiritual development.
Key words: law, management, public administration, executive bodies.
Abstract. The question of the basic principles of the formation and improvement of the legal mechanism in the field of safety is analyzed. In addition, the provision that the legislative regulation of social safety in its various manifestations is an urgent need of modern Ukrainian statehood is grounded. The essence of the legal space of safety and the space of safety in general, which should be based on the proper mechanism of legal regulation, is described.
Key words: security, global security, legal mechanism, social security, personal safety, legal security space, security space.
4. Dombrovska S., Husarov K. FEATURES OF REGULATION OF THE MIGRATION PROCESSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES
Abstract. The features of the migration situation in the countries of the European Union are analyzed. Studied the policy trends of the European Union countries regarding migrants. The main forms of the migration movement and the factors influencing the growth of migration flows in the modern world are highlighted. The influence of migration processes on the labor market and social attitudes in the recipient countries has been revealed.
Keywords: migration policy, migration processes, forms of migration, labor market, migration factors.
5. Karpeko N., Dombrovskyi L. INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FORENSIC BRANCH TO ENSURE STATE SECURITY
Abstract. The improvement of the organizational support of the expert-forensic activity in Ukraine in the context of state security is provided in the paper. The procedure of the expert’s activity control of the expertise in the system of a unified state expert-forensic activity has been developed. The emphasis has been made on conducting the repeated and additional examinations as an additional form of the expert’s activity control that allows the head of the expert-forensic service to find out the grounds and reasons for such actions, to evaluate the shortcomings in the work of the expert.
Keywords: organizational support, expert and criminalist activity, state security, control, system, structure.
Abstract. The scientific framework concerning the advantages of functions of state management in the sphere of national security was analyzed. It was determined to allocate among them the following elements: comprehensive application of forecasting and planning of national security, as well as their organizational and legal support.
Keywords: public administration, system, institutional activity, national security, forecasting and planning.
Abstract. The article attempts to analyze the technological development of the real sector of the economy, proposes ways to overcome the technological backwardness of Ukraine in comparison with highly developed countries such as the USA, Japan. The role of investments in technological and social development of the country is specified. The priority directions of development of the real sector of the economy and as a result of improvement of the country's social security are given.
Keywords: technological development, safety, social security, state policy, innovation system, resource.
8. Osypova S. SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS AN OBJECT OF STATE REGULATION
Abstract. Social entrepreneurship as an object of state regulation is researched in the article. In particular, the features of formation and stages of development of social entrepreneurship are investigated. The views of foreign authors on the definition of social entrepreneurship are analysed. Also, the content of definitions of social entrepreneurship of domestic scientists is investigated.
Keywords: state regulation, social entrepreneurship, development, social problems solving.
9. Pomaza-Ponomarenko A. L. CORRUPTION AS A pUBLIC AND pRIVATE pHENOMENON AND A THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY
Abstract. The fact that national security must be ensured with the help of consistent determination of challenges to it was grounded. It was determined that the special place among these challenges belongs to corruption. It was defined that it is a public and private phenomenon, as it appears in all fields of social life, and a factor of improvement of the mechanisms of the state’s influence in this field.
Key words: corruption, national security, state, society.
Abstract. The complex of measures on development of the state policy for national security ensuring is offered in the article. In particular, the functions of state as the main subject of state policy in the sphere of national security ensuring are defined. The features of international cooperation formation within state policy on national security ensuring are marked out. The directions of development of state policy on national security ensuring are offered.
Keywords: sate policy, national security, international cooperation, directions, threats.
Abstract. The approaches to formation and introduction of the state information policy as guarantee of national security ensuring are developed in the article. In particular, the structural features and specifics of functioning of the system of subjects and objects of the state information policy are characterized. The general structure of the state system of information security ensuring is defined. The functions of the state by information security ensuring are determined.
Keywords: state information policy, system, state security, structure, functions.
12. Alebri Mohamed Abdulla IMPLEMENTATION OF EUROPEAN STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS OF WATER QUALITY WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Abstract. It is noted that in view of the considerable financial and economic difficulties associated with the use of groundwater treatment technologies and the irreversibility of aquifer contamination processes in the case of poorly developed subsoil technologies, it is advisable to significantly increase the responsibility of certain categories of subsoil users for the pollution of aquifers and to establish rigid control systems their activities.
Keywords: water quality, European standards, water management, groundwater treatment, pollution of aquifers, subsoil users, ecological and hydrogeological information.
Abstract. The essence of state regulation and management in the field of forest relations is disclosed, which is carried out by forming and defining the main directions of state policy in the field of forestry. The main indicators of forest management for 2010-2017 are determined and it is proved that Ukraine occupies the sixth place in Europe for wood stocks. The priority directions of the state administration are offered: legal regulation of increasing the efficiency of forestry management, counteracting illegal cutting down and corruption, and improving the forest management system.
Keywords: public administration, forestry, forest area, wood reserves, cutting area, legal regulation, financial support.
Abstract. The current state of public administration and administration in the field of energy saving and energy efficiency in Ukraine is described. The level of implementation of measures of energy saving and energy efficiency in all spheres of public life is analyzed. The effectiveness of public administration and administration mechanisms in the sphere of energy saving and energy efficiency in Ukraine is determined.
Keywords: public administration and administration, energy saving, energy efficiency, public administration and administration mechanisms in the field of energy saving and energy efficiency.
Abstract. The conceptual bases of formation of mechanisms of financial security state regulation ensuring are formulated in the article. In particular, the key purposes and problems of the state financial security ensuring are allocated. The instruments of prevention of threats of the state financial security are allocated and analyzed. The need and expediency of formation of a system of the state financial security is proved.
Keywords: state financial security, conceptual bases, system, state regulation, threats.
Abstract. The scientific principles of state administration of social crisis (depending on the economic condition of the country) are investigated. The mechanisms of its development, including anti-crisis, are scientifically substantiated.
Keywords: public administration, mechanisms, social development, social crisis.
Abstract. The state and trends of public regulation of telecommunication technologies, which determine the level of technical progress of any country, including Ukraine, create the preconditions for economic growth and integration into the world processeshave been analysed in the article. The global nature of these processes makes it extremely important to combine the efforts of different countries in the development of telecommunications, its investment support, and also requires the participation of Ukrainian companies and research centres in scientific and technological cooperation. The research in this area is developing intensively and the united efforts of scientists from different countries are necessary for its implementation.
Keywords: public regulation of telecommunications, telecommunication services, telecommunication markets.
Abstract. The article explores the possibilities of public procurement as an innovation tool in medicine. The author reveals the main problems of using public procurement in Ukrainian practice. In addition, the peculiarities of public procurement in the field of health are defined, which allow them to become an innovation tool.
Keywords: innovations, government procurement, healthcare, procurement procedures, health technology.
Abstract. It was grounded that the implementation of state regulation of land relations must be ensured with the help of consistent determination of its principles, methods, etc. It is established that they concern the public-private sector and improve the mechanisms of state regulation of land relations.
Key words: state regulation, mechanism, land relations, tendencies.
Abstract. In the paper, the role of science in the development of the country’s economyhas been examined, the state and trends of the fundamental and applied sciencedevelopment have been analysed, theways of the methods improvement of the scientific institutions potential assessmenthave been identified. The ways of improvement of the principles of stimulation development of scientific and innovative activity have been presented, the methodology of estimation and management of the personnel potential development of scientific institutions and institutions of higher education has been developed. The principles of organization of public administration of the scientific activity of universities and scientific institutions have been researched.
Key words: public administration, science, research work, scientific and technical activity, scientific research.
Abstract. The article reveals the main provisions of the state regulation concerning the metrological examination as one of the directions for achieving the quality and competitiveness of products. The author pays attention to the basic concept in determining the quality of products and their components. In addition, the article describes the main objectives of the metrological examination, as well as its directions, which ensure the quality of products.
Keywords: metrological examination, quality of production, accuracy of measurements, measurement method, measuring technique.
Abstract. The article deals with the existing scientific work on the essence of the mechanism of state regulation of the tourism sector. The series of measures aimed at improving the methodical bases for increasing the efficiency of tourism management is substantiated and specified. Some directions of improvement of mechanisms of state regulation of the tourist sphere of Ukraine are offered.
Keywords: mechanisms of state regulation, tourism sphere, state tourism policy.
23. Lobodenko K. PROTECTION OF RIGHTS AS A MECHANISM OF PUBLIC MANAGEMENT
Abstract. The fact that the state's enforcement of human rights and law enforcement functions must be ensured with the help of consistent determination of subjects, principles, methods to it was grounded. It was determined that the special place among these components belongs to institutional element. It was defined that it is a public and private phenomenon, and a factor of improvement of the mechanisms of human rights state policy.
Key words: state policy, mechanism of human rights, public and private phenomenon.
Abstract. The theoretical foundations of the mechanism of public administration are considered. The use of modern media technologies as a mechanism of interaction between authorities and the public is described. The advantages of using social networks in the work of the authorities and their impact on the public are outlined.
Keywords: interaction, authorities, mechanism, social networks, the public.
Abstract. The article highlights the state and prospects of state-church relations in Ukraine in the context of European integration; the role of humanitarian factors in this process, in particular religious ones, is shown; ways of ensuring the protection of the national interests of our state are considered through the association of Orthodoxy; prospects of consolidation of the Ukrainian society and democratic regulation of the activity of the Orthodox community, first of all through the establishment of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine, are examined; it is proved that the strengthening of the positions of Orthodoxy will strengthen the sovereignty of the Ukrainian State, its security and equality in international relations.
Keywords: Ukrainian state, humanitarian sphere, spiritual culture, Eurointegration, state-church relations, national security, national interests.
Abstract. The brief characteristics of medical and demographic status of the population of Ukraine is presented in the article, and also ways of state politics to its improvement is determined. The dependence of the labour potential of a social object on the level of its health is proved. Based on the results of the analysis of the respondents ' answers, the importance of the determinants of health in the system of labour potential qualitative characteristics is clarified. There are made conclusions about an ability to use the mechanism of public administration of the health care sphere for providing development of labour potential of a social object, and also ways to improve the content and practice of their usage are proposed
Keywords: labour potential; quality characteristics of labour potential; public administration of the health care system; mechanisms of public administration.
Abstract. The article deals with the peculiarities and directions of the implementation of the state energy policy in different countries of the world. Effectiveness of mechanisms of realization of state energy policy abroad is determined. The ways of improving the state energy policy of Ukraine are considered in the light of foreign experience.
Key words: state energy policy, mechanisms for implementing state energy policy, strategic oil reserves, alternative energy, energy efficiency.
Abstract. The scientific literature’s conceptual framework for the determination of public administration mechanisms in the field of national security of Ukraine was examined and systematized in this paper. It was offered to understand this mechanism as the methods of research of the condition of objects (processes, phenomena), as well as the outlook for their change and scientific substantiation of the use of the methods of influence on these objects, including, in particular, the legal and organizational ones.
Key words: public administration mechanism, state administration mechanism, national security, elements.
Abstract. In today's conditions, the Ukrainian economy is undergoing changes aimed at increasing the level of technological re-equipment, in which the agro-industrial complex needs a transition to an innovative way of development. The article defines the concept of regional scientific and innovation potential, analyzes possible causes that hinder development in innovative activities in agriculture, including the problems of the development of science. On the basis of the analysis, the priority directions of development and improvement of mechanisms of state regulation of innovative processes in agriculture of Ukraine are proposed.
Keywords: state regulation, innovation development, agriculture, priority directions, modernization, potential.
Abstract. The latest approaches to public regulation of the service-oriented economy development of the service industry in Ukraine have been analysed in the article. It has been defined that the service industry makes an important contribution to the employment stabilization of the able-bodied population, the growth of overall labour productivity and the innovative dynamics of the national economy. Therefore, in the theoretical and practical aspects, there is a need to deepen the understanding of the globalization factor of innovation acceleration in key spheres of the service industry, which include standardization, regulation and trade based on the service-oriented economy development.
Key words: service-oriented economy, serviceindustry, public regulation of the service industry.
31. Zalizniuk V., Candidate of Economic Sciences, Ph.D. student of Taurian National University named after V.I. Vernadsky, Kyiv REFORM OF THE SYSTEM OF INTERNAL FOOD AID AS A MECHANISM FOR PROVIDING THE FOOD SECURITY OF THE COUNTRY
Abstract. Arguments that prove that the creation of the system of internal food aid as a factor providing the food security of the state is especially relevant in today's realities. It is noted that an innovative and effective way of solving agro-food problems in the region is the creation of an internal food aid system based on products produced by the agro-industrial complex. The system of internal food aid includes elements of the entire commodity chain - from raw material production to the finished diet: control bodies; enterprises producing food products; objects of logistics (warehouses, distributive centers and centers for manning food rations); transport organizations, etc.
Keywords: internal food aid, food security, food independence, mechanisms, incentives.
Abstract. It is determined that the scientific and technological potential of the agrarian sector of the country is designed to provide sustainable competitiveness. It determines the situation of regions in the system of national economy, serves as processes of eliminating the asymmetry of their development.
Keywords: state regulation, agrarian sector, regions competitiveness, asymmetric development, systemic effect, endangered effect.
Abstract. The article defines the essence and features of the functioning of the Free Trade Area (FTA) between Ukraine and the EU in the agro-food sector. The effectiveness of the state policy on the development of the agro-food sector in the context of establishing an FTA between Ukraine and the EU has been characterized. The main directions of improvement of the state policy of development of the agro-food sector in the context of creation of an FTA between Ukraine and the EU are considered.
Key words: state policy, agrofood sphere, free trade zone, international standards of safety and quality of food products, sanitary and phytosanitary measures.
Abstract. The paper determines that the agrarian sector is currently not capable of development on the principles of self-financing and self-sustainability, therefore state support to the agro-industrial complex is an indispensable condition for its sustainable development and ensuring the food security of the state. It was established that the main mechanisms of state support are tax, monetary, budget and price policy. It is noted that the general state support of agriculture of Ukraine is rather moderate. However, there is a need not so much for obtaining state support, but for its effective use; in turn, budget support programs in Ukraine suffer from permanent underfunding.
Keywords: public administration, state support, agrarian branch, mechanisms of state support, financial support.
Abstract. The article provides a systematic analysis of socially-oriented areas of state regulation as a factor for optimizing the development of physical culture and sports. The formation of modern principles of state policy in the field of physical culture and sports is considered. The formation and genesis of organizational, legal, functional bases of activity of executive bodies of Ukraine in the field of physical culture and sports is explored. The problems of the formation of physical culture in Ukraine are the kinds of manifestations of educational influence, its state and the significance of physical culture in modern society.
Keywords: state regulation, physical culture and sport, state regulation of physical culture and sports.
36. Akhmedova O., Stryzhak O. PUBLIC MANAGEMENT ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF THE SPECIALISTS’ PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES IN THE FIELD OF TOURISM
Abstract. Public management aspects of formation of the specialists’ professional competences in the field of tourism have been defined. Traditional and interactive teaching methods have been analysed. The advantages of interactive methods have been highlighted. A training course that allows formation of the specialists’ professional competencies in the field of tourism has been developed.
Keywords: teaching methods, professional competence, advertising campaign, training course, tourism.
Abstract. This article is devoted to the definition of ways to improve the efficiency of public administration of the system of higher education in Ukraine. The author points to the existence of important aspects in the public administration of the system of higher education, which require improvement as part of the modernization of the entire educational process in our country. The author pays special attention to the need to improve the state management of autonomous institutions of higher education, pointing out the existing problems and ways to solve them. The author also reveals the features of the modernization of public administration in the transition to a two-tier system of higher education. In addition, the article reveals the main strategic objectives of reforming in the system of higher education for state administration of the system.
Keywords: public administration system, modernization of education, higher education, education reform, objects of management.
Abstract. The article views the peculiarities of applying financial instrument of economic mechanism in state management of vocational (vocation-and-technical) education in Ukraine at present stage; there is analyzed the amount of subvention on modernizing and renewal of material-and-technical base of state-owned vocation-and-technical education establishments; the place and role of finance mechanism within the economic mechanism of state management in vocational (vocation-and-technical) training development is clarified.
Key words: state management, state management mechanisms, finance instrument, economic instrument, vocational (vocation-and-technical) training, skilled worker.
Abstract. Influence of internationalization of higher education on its quality was concerned in the article and also the competence of the subjects of public administration in the institutionalization of the relevant process were justified. The article contains the results of analysis of the content of separate state and university programs on involvement of the most trained foreign students to study at the institutions of higher education, which are used in the systems of higher education in China, Romania, Hungary and Turkmenistan. Were made conclusions concerning approaches to improve the mechanisms of higher education with the help of regulating norms on the amount of foreign students and teachers in the framework of the structure of the institution of higher education , as well as the need to introduce scholarships and financial incentives by public authorities and the administration of the institution of higher education to attract foreign citizens to study.
Key words: internationalization of higher education, international experience, mechanisms of public administration, institution of higher education , quality of higher education.
Abstract. The subjects and subject of anti-crisis public administration, the main theories of anti-crisis public management of the region are investigated. The tasks of public crisis management at the regional level are considered. Characterized by the anti-crisis system of public administration at the regional level. The main principles of the implementation of the anti-crisis public administration policy at the regional level are proposed. The current conditions for the implementation of the anti-crisis public administration policy at the regional level are defined.
Keywords: anti-crisis management, regional level, anti-crisis public administration policy, public administration, crisis, governance mechanisms, state policy, anti-crisis public administration, region.
41. Lyashevska O., Yaschenко O. THE STATE INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS
Abstract. The purpose of the article is to study innovative development, which requires a systematic approach, because it is seen as a process of interaction and feedback between all complex economic, social, institutional and other factors that determine the creation and commercialization of innovations. The basic trends in the development and use of innovative products, which gives new opportunities for enterprise development and growth regions. The prospect of further research is the study of innovation factors of economic systems, including problems of innovation activity in the regions.
Keywords: innovative factor, innovation, innovative system development processes, formation regions, regulation, technology, innovative environment, resources, regional politics.
Abstract. The problem of safe living was studied by numerous scholars, but unfortunately their research focused on the formation of security competences of future professionals and the organization of teaching the population activities in emergencies. According to the results of the research of sources of scientific literature, it was established that the question of the formation of a mine safety culture has not been covered in scientific literature despite the extremely high relevance of this problem.
Keywords: state regulation, explosive items, safety, culture, forming, mine safety culture.
Abstract. The features of use of criminalist technique in processes of public administration by expert and criminalist activity are investigated in article. In particular, the historical prerequisites of appearance and development of criminalist technique are characterized. The common features of criminalist technique and judicial examination are marked out. The classification of methods of criminalist technique in expert and criminalist activity is carried out.
Keywords: criminalist technique, public administration, expert and criminalist activity, judicial examination, criminalistics.
44. Shvedun V., Nadyon O. THE STATE SYSTEM OF CYBER SECURITY ENSURING: THE FEATURES OF FORMATION AND INTRODUCTION
Abstract. The research of features of formation and introduction of the state system of cyber security ensuring is conducted in the article. In particular, the functions of the state cyber security ensuring are defined; the directions of functioning of the state system of a cyberspace monitoring are allocated; the components of a complex state system of information security are defined.
Keywords: state system; cyber security; cyberspace; information security; protection subsystem.
45. Kovalev P., Cherkashyn O., Shсherbak S. STATE STANDARD FOR FIRE SECURITY IN THE SYSTEM OF TEACHING AND EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOLS
Abstract. The article describes the state standard on fire safety in the system of teaching primary schools. Presented to the topic of fire safety study at the present level. The reason for ignorance by the state of the basic principles of fire safety is found out by the children. The method of improving the level of knowledge on fire safety issues in the conditions of implementation of the new State standard of elementary education is proposed.
Keywords: state standard, educational process, new Ukrainian school, State standard of elementary education, knowledge formation.
46. Malinovskaya L. MECHANISMS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE FIELD OF PREPARING FUTURE ICT EXPERIENCES UNDER THE STUDY OF THE EDUCATIONAL DISCIPLINE "LABOR DEPARTMENT AND CIVIL PROTECTION" IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Abstract. The scientific article is devoted to the mechanisms of public administration in the training of future IT specialists during the study of normative discipline of labor protection in industry and civil protection, the role of the influence of public administration on the sphere of training has been determined, the control of the evaluation of alternative methods of functioning of the system of informational and analytical support in the field of occupational safety and civil protection at the state level.
Key words: control, public administration, civil defense, information security, information technologies of training.
47. Cherkashyn O., Ischuk V., Ponomarenko STATE STANDARD FOR PRIMARY EDUCATION. IMPROVING FORMS AND METHODS OF FIRE SAFETY
Abstract. The need to improve the forms and methods of forming knowledge about fire safety in younger students is due to tragic statistical data on the occurrence of fires in the country and the number of deaths and injury to their children. Today, this problem requires teachers and rescuers to take urgent measures to improve the training of children in fire safety. The article presents the most effective forms and methods of educational work with younger students in the framework of the implementation of the State standard of primary education.
Keywords: state standard, fire safety, educational work, forms and methods of work, state standard of primary education, formation of knowledge.
Abstract. In statistics, advanced models of current policy and management of state resources, as well as the management of policies and policies of modernized suspensions, are considered in order to prepare a database of new forms of democracies, analytical reports on the statistical status. The concept of parity democracy is imposed, as it will transfer the fate of the people and women in political processes, so that the smell of goodwill and equal value, leather and mischief is behind them. Preliminary theoretical concept of one of the unconventional resources of the state power - gender management of the resource, like the power of the victorious development, the healthiness of the people for the biological social development. It is also the fundamental management of the review of management activities of mechanical engineering policies in the areas of gender expertise, review of the effectiveness of administrative policies and administrative management.
Keywords: gender policy, gender issues, gender policy areas, gender resources, gender discrimination.
49. Dimitrova E. SUBJECTS AND OBJECTS OF THE STATE PERSONNEL POLICY
Abstract. The article considers the essence and content of personnel policy, its goals, role and place in the management system, which allows to determine the levels of manifestation of personnel policy, as well as to identify its subjects and objects - to identify all participants in these socio-economic relations.
Keywords: personnel policy, state personnel policy, personnel potential, objects of personnel policy, subjects of personnel policy.
Abstract. The scientific article analyzes the institutional conditions for the formation of a mechanism for ensuring balanced regional development. The basic concepts are defined and the conceptual bases of formation of the institutional environment of regional structural policy are outlined, which means the activity of relevant public authorities at the regional level, aimed at achieving a balanced and efficient structure of the economy of the regions
Keywords: mechanism, institutional conditions, region, regional development, state and regional policy.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the problems of organizational and theoretical certainty of public administration in the field of entrepreneurship through the economic and managerial aspect. It focused on the fact that the analysis of international experience of public administration in the field of entrepreneurship shows that governments of different countries use a variety of forms of direct and indirect influence on economic processes in order to implement approved by appropriate democratic procedures public policy. Some scholars point to the feasibility of using in market conditions such forms of economic regulation by the state: as direct public administration of industries, facilities; tax regulation; monetary regulation ‒ the impact on money circulation; budget regulation ‒ the distribution of state budget funds in different areas of their use; regulation through the formation of state programs and government orders; price regulation; regulation of working conditions, labor relations, wages; social regulation (including state social insurance); state regulation of environmental protection and restoration, etc. It stated that in pursuing industrial policy today, it is important to provide incentives for effective cooperation within the private sector instead of the usual cumbersome industrial bureaucracy. Accordingly, in the area of financial regulation, it is necessary to strive to create motivation for qualified and prudent management instead of simply strengthening the capacity to supervise entrepreneurs. According to the results of a comprehensive study of public administration in the field of entrepreneurship through the economic and managerial aspect, it concluded that in the light of public administration reforms and transformations, the conceptual and administrative aspects of business regulation are of fundamental importance. Since, indeed, it is from how the state will influence entrepreneurship through various levers, it will depend on the development of the economy, its high competitiveness in domestic and foreign markets, and therefore, indeed, the problems of entrepreneurship are inherently complex and multifaceted determines their special significance.
Keywords: state regulation, public administration, entrepreneurship, economic strategies, public administration activity, entrepreneurial activity.
Abstract. Today it is important to identify the factors influencing the emergence of threats, including epidemiological, to assess and diagnose them. In the public administration of health care, system analysis makes it possible to increase the efficiency of forecasting and adjusting government programs. The effectiveness of the correction of government programs depends on demographic, socio-economic, environmental and political factors. Changes in targeted programs are possible within the framework of state guarantees for the provision of free medical care to citizens and changes in the structure of medical care in terms of changes in clinical recommendations or clinical protocols. In the process of reforming the Ukrainian economy, new market institutions emerged, the nature of which was largely due to the rivalry of various interest groups while sharply weakening the state, which resulted in the use of non-economic methods, ie the use of administrative resources. Today, the national health care system, as a state institution, is undergoing a stage of serious institutional transformations aimed at radically improving the efficiency of health care, its availability, the predominant development of primary health care, which will improve public health. At the present stage, it is important to build a hierarchical system based on the principles of reliability, completeness, continuity of data collection, the availability of feedback, integrity, openness and methodological approaches. It should be a system with current accounting, causal analysis and evaluation, as well as control in order to implement key quality indicators that reflect in the long run the regulatory and actual needs of the population in health care. The entire health care system of Ukraine can be represented as an interconnected activity of medical services and sanitary-technological infrastructure of socio-economic policy in the field of health care. It is important to determine the level of public health to collect structural, spatial, climatic and other indicators in the dynamics to analyze the state of the medical market. Health care organizations are constantly under the influence of the macroenvironment, and therefore the emergence of appropriate institutions is an effective adaptive mechanism. As all parts of the value of both medical care and medical services are included in the health care system, the influence of medical organizations on the market is limited. This approach will provide an opportunity to identify resource provision and social efficiency by identifying priority areas that may affect the standard of living and health of the population, and these are the most important conditions for the structural efficiency of the health sector. Today it is necessary to form informational and analytical support of public administration in the field of health care on the basis of relevant indicators of providing free medical care to the population of the country, as well as the implementation of the main priority areas of financial policy of the industry. Reducing the effect of these competitive factors leads to the specification of the directions of development of the medical organization and increases the probability of correct choice of competitive strategy. In turn, the introduction of innovations reduces the risk of surrogates. Health care organizations, using expansion opportunities for development or adapting to the imposed restrictions, work more efficiently, gradually changing the external environment by their influence. All this puts before the management of the medical field the task of conducting a flexible reform policy, which concerns not only technological but also structural issues, as well as the goals of the organization.
Keywords: health institutions, socio-economic policy, public health, public authorities, mechanisms, influence.
Abstract. The article analyzes the basic concepts of state regulation of academic mobility of students. The key characteristics and forms of international student exchange, export of educational services shall be described. The role of bilateral and multilateral agreements between higher education establishments and states shall be emphasized in the analysis of international student exchange programs. International academic mobility is the physical or virtual transfer of students to a foreign educational organization. It shall be emphasized that the concept of export of educational services enshrines the idea of increasing the economic performance of international activities of higher education establishments. The introduction of new methods of student exchanges and the maintenance of individual mobility by the state create a new approach to promoting economic growth, political and social stability of citizens.
Keywords: academic mobility of students, higher education, state regulation of academic activity, integration, internationalization, mechanisms of state regulation.
54. Slobodyan O. MECHANISMS OF ACTIVE INDUSTRIAL POLICY REALIZATION
Abstract. The article substantiates the priorities of state industrial policy in Ukraine, identifies areas whose predominant development will increase the scientific and technical level of production and the quality of the material base of the social sphere, mechanisms for targeted and efficient use of resources, estimates of financial resources and sources of resource mobilization for industrial breakthrough.
Keywords: industry, industrial policy, public administration, state mechanisms, investments.
Abstract. The article analyzes the dynamics of growth in the number of territorial communities in Ukraine. The studied state created united territorial communities in the Kherson region. The financial capacity of 12 united territorial communities, which were formed as of January 1, 2017, was assessed. It was determined that the level of budget subsidies of 9 out of 12 united territorial communities does not exceed 10%, which indicates a sufficient degree of financial independence of territorial communities and ability to cover expenses at the expense of own cash receipts. Residents' own incomes in 2017 in each of the communities are at an average level. In the structure of financial resources of communities were divided into the following items of expenditure socio-cultural sphere – 60-70%, the implementation of infrastructure facilities and investment projects – 25-30%. It is established that the priority for the community leadership is to develop it and improve the social life of residents by attracting additional funds through investors, development programs, creating additional jobs, providing quality public services and others.
Keywords: decentralization, affluent communities, territorial communities, regional development, local authorities.
56. Kononovych V. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICAL AND SPORTS SERVICES
Abstract. An analysis of the specifics of public administration in the field of physical culture and sports services, development of state programs for the development of physical culture and sports, and improving the health of the nation. The formation of the main programs in the direction of increasing the level of physical activity and capacity of the population, both at the state and regional levels, is considered.
Keywords: governing bodies, public administration, local self-government bodies, physical culture and sports.
Abstract. The article identifies and analyzes the main problems in the formation and operation of territorial centers of staffing and social support and suggests ways to solve them.
Keywords: mechanisms of personnel policy formation, state regulation, local bodies of military administration, efficiency of mechanisms of state regulation of personnel potential, territorial centers of staffing and social support, recruitment, military service under contract.
Abstract. The article shall be devoted to the analysis of problems and issues related to financial measures to support small and medium enterprises (hereinafter SMEs) in Ukraine and also the importance of SMEs in the development of a modern market economy. The article analyzes the current state of small and medium enterprises and Ukraine's position in the international arena. SMEs shall be largely dependent not only on the regulatory framework, but also on economic, financial, political support from the state. The article formulates a number of problems that do not allow SMEs to develop properly. The conclusion shall be made about the need to modernize the forms and methods of regulating the interaction of the state and SME entities and also to improve the mechanism of implementation of support programs and guarantees in practice.
Keywords: small enterprises, financial mechanisms, financial method, financial instruments, financial leverage, financial support.
Abstract. The article examines the issues related to the definition of the theoretical foundations of state policy in the sphere of national security. Various scientific views and methodological approaches to determining the nature and content of state policy in the sphere of national security are considered. The definition of the essence and content of state policy in the sphere of national security was further developed. The mechanisms of formation and implementation of state policy in the sphere of national security are highlighted. Subject-object relations in the context of formation and implementation of state policy in the sphere of national security are revealed. It is concluded that only by ensuring the proposed goals, principles, mechanisms for the formation and implementation of public policy at the state level, additional opportunities will open up to ensure the required level of national security.
Keywords: state policy, national security, state policy in the sphere of national security.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study and substantiation of the peculiarities of the transport industry as an object of public administration. Emphasis is placed on the fact that during the period of active implementation of public administration reforms for transport, the state should be an active participant in the implementation of strategic changes, providing significant support to the industry in the process of transforming its system of operation. Based on the analysis of foreign models of state regulation of transport in general, as well as shortcomings in the program documents on transport reform in Ukraine, you need to build your own model of state regulation. The peculiarity of such a model should be that it should take into account the priority areas of industry development and comprehensively reveal the tools for forming strategic advantages of certain modes of transport for such development components as innovation, production, investment, social, energy, environmental and international. It is concluded that the transport infrastructure is the responsibility of the state and the state is interested in its development, the responsibility for the development of transport infrastructure in the country associated with high costs, which are traditionally borne by public administration. In the near medium term, priority is given to projects for the construction of new and reconstruction of existing transport infrastructure, the amount of funding which is beyond the capacity of city budgets, as well as modification of the existing mechanism of public administration. It is stated that the crisis of reform and the lack of effective changes in the system of transport is in the ineffectiveness of national policy to regulate the industry. The latter is manifested in the fact that the strategy chosen by the state for the development of the industry and the paradigm that underlies it do not correspond to the global laws of development.
Keywords: public administration, transport sphere, state regulation, administrative activity, mechanisms of public administration, transport.
Abstract. The article analyzes the foreign experience of forming the level of confidence of the population in the system of public administration in the field of national security. The prospects for the introduction of such experience in the domestic territory are determined.
Keywords: public administration, national security, population trust, Ukraine, USA.
Abstract. The article considers the main improvements of the system of social protection of military personnel, which are used at this stage of the development of our state. The main problems in improving the social protection of military personnel at the current stage have been studied. The actual achievements in the development of the social protection system in the conditions of an unfavorable economic situation and constant military danger in the state are analyzed. Measures are proposed to reduce and prevent the negative impact of social risks for military personnel who, due to the specifics of their official activities, have no other source of decent living conditions. The place and role of various subjects of social responsibility in the military environment in the system of social protection of servicemen are shown.
Keywords: social protection, state policy of social protection, armed forces of Ukraine, social security of the armed forces
63. Tohobytska V. DIGITAL ECONOMY: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF UKRAINE
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of human resource management in the digital economy and forecasting the need for qualified personnel in Ukraine. According to the results of a comprehensive study, it was concluded that digitalization of the Ukrainian economy puts workers and employers before the need to adapt to new conditions. Widespread digitalization of entire sectors of the economy will soon lead to a partial and in some areas a complete replacement of human labor with machine. In order not to remain unclaimed in the labor market, the population of the country must be prepared for the increased requirements dictated by the digital economy. Currently, digital approaches and technologies in the field of public administration are at the stage of active development. Implementation of digital technologies on the basis of high-quality scientific provisions and concepts, provided that risks are optimized and financial problems are solved creates basic prerequisites for the transition to a qualitatively new model of social development, more corresponding to the global challenges of the Development of the Ukrainian Economy. Emphasis is placed on the fact that the development of the digital economy is characterized by systemic changes in public administration, which leads to contradictions in the interaction of new and existing institutions, exacerbation of fundamental risks associated with the ineffectiveness of previous institutional reforms that are strategic and affect distribution of tasks and choice of institutional principles of digitalization of the economy. Therefore, digital approaches and technologies in the field of public administration are currently at the stage of active development. Introduction of digital technologies on the basis of qualitative scientific positions and concepts on condition of optimization of risks and the decision of financial problems creates basic preconditions for transition to qualitatively new model of social development more corresponding to global challenges of development of the Ukrainian economy.
Keywords: public administration, digital economy, mechanisms of public administration, digital transformation
Abstract. The article analyzes the problem of organizing and carrying out patriotic education of the young generation, which acquires special relevance in modern conditions, due to the increase in the importance of patriotism as a national idea for the state, society and every person. The principles that reflect the general regularities of the integral process and the specifics of patriotic education of youth have been determined. The structure of patriotic education and its components, which contribute to the formation of patriotism among young people and contribute to ensuring the national security of Ukraine, are substantiated.
Keywords: mechanisms of public administration, state policy, patriotism, patriotic education of youth, educational space, higher education establishments.