Випуск 2 (11) 2019
1. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532664 Bielska T., Kryukov O. INFORMATION WARS AND INFORMATION SECURITY: THREATS AND CHALLENGES FOR DEMOCRACY
Abstract. The article states that uncontrolled information can stimulate various informational dangers. It is determined that the need to adapt management to environmental conditions necessitates the development of effective information management strategies. It has been established that information wars are closely related to civil society.
Key words: information policy, information security, hybrid war, cyber war, infologues, fakes, trolls.
2. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532666 Bilozir O. THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF STATE SOCIAL POLICY
Abstract. It is stated that the concept of "social" reflects the common, collective nature of people's activities when their social ties and common interests are expressed within different communities: social groups, segments of the population, settlements, regions, etc. The interaction of the interests of these groups is an important part of society. Social policy, as a tool of governance, has as its general purpose the elimination of social antagonisms in society, the realization by means of special measures the tasks of dynamic development and the improvement of the whole system of social relations. It is determined that the nature of the relationship between group and national interests may be different. Relations can be based on mutual compromise and consensus, can be based on the direct dominance of one group and the exclusion of others from the sphere of decision-making, on the suppression of other groups. People suffer from both excessive pressure and power, so it is very important to change the forms of power, domination and subordination, to participate in power and to exercise the civil rights of all groups of the population. It should also be emphasized that the interests of different groups in times of rapid change of society are not given, unchanged and rationally understood, which increases the need for their scientific reflection, public discussion and harmonization. Moreover, the importance of state power to society is in many respects that it defines a certain interpretation of events and processes, generates certain ideas and interests.
Key words: lstate social policy, social groups, national interests, social relations, civil rights.
3. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532668 Zahorulko A. THEORETICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS OF DEFINITION OF THE CONCEPT OF INTERNAL SECURITY OF UKRAINE
Abstract. The article deals with various aspects of the concept of internal security of Ukraine. The main safety categories are analyzed in terms of performing internal and external functions. The essence of the concept of internal security as a component of national security is revealed and the key factors of internal threats are clarified. The role of the sphere of security and defense in the system of central executive authorities has been determined. It has been found that the performance of internal security tasks rests with the public authorities, military formations and law enforcement agencies within the powers. The priorities of activity of agencies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs system in functioning of sphere of internal security of Ukraine are outlined; the main measures of the law enforcement agencies to overcome the negative challenges in the process of building the national security and defense sector of Ukraine are identified.
Key words: internal security, national security, threats.
4. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532670 Ilyenko A. STATE REGULATION OF SECURITY OF GAS SUPPLY IN UKRAINE
Abstract. The article deals with the main scientific-theoretical and methodological approaches to the solution of the complex analysis of the state of security of energy and gas supply at the national level. The influence of key threats caused by geopolitical changes on the level of energy security of Ukraine is determined.
Keywords: energy security, gas supply security, energy balance, energy dependence, gas volume, gas transit, gas import.
5. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532674 Kruk S. THE DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE FIELD OF NATIONAL SECURITY: FROM PLANNING TO CONTROL
Abstract. It is determined that the development of public administration in the field of national security is characterized by the implementation of planning – control functions. Nevertheless, it differs by the stage of implementation of administration. It is defined that the national legislation needs improvement in the area of specification of the directions of planning and control in the system of public administration of national security.
Keywords: public administration, institutional mechanisms, national security, planning, control.
6. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532689 Moshnin A., Zadorozhny S. DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE PHENOMENON OF CORRUPTION IN UKRAINE
Abstract. The article proposes the author‟s systematization of the discourse field of the problems of corruption relations, prevention and fight against corruption in the system of government. It was concluded that the problems of the formation and occurrence of corruption in the system of state power of the state, counteraction and prevention of corruption in Ukraine as a whole, are widely studied by both foreign and domestic scientists, practitioners, experts, journalists, etc. And although each of the researchers, considering this socio-political phenomenon from his own scientific point of view, focuses on various aspects and characteristics of this phenomenon, however, the majority are of the view that the main task of the Ukrainian society and state bodies of our state is to prevent and countering corruption as the main determinants of the destructive state of modern socio-political development of Ukraine.
Keywords: corruption, subjects of corruption, cluster, public administration.
7. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532691 Naumenko A. INNOVATIVE POLICY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL COMPLEX OF UKRAINE: THE METHODOLOGICAL AND LEGAL ASPECT
Abstract. The essence of innovation activity, different approaches to the definition of "innovation", the functioning of the system of investment of innovation are revealed in the work. The main legislative and regulatory acts governing innovation management, their advantages and disadvantages are presented. It is determined that no law has become a turning point in the organization of innovation management, so laws should be adopted that would improve the innovation and investment climate in order to attract internal and external investment.
Keywords: innovations, innovation policy, agro-industrial complex, investments, legislative base.
8. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532693 Parubchak I., Raduh N. TRANSFORMATION OF APPROACHES AND FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF STATE REGULATION OF ANIMAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE NEW ECONOMIC AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
Abstract. Principles and system-forming factors of state regulation of production and quality control of livestock products are determined. It is established that in order to ensure the optimal level of development of the livestock industry, it is necessary to carry out sound state regulation of these processes. The transformation of approaches to the formation and implementation of state regulation of livestock development at the present stage in Ukraine is investigated. The basic principles of livestock development under the latest economic and economic conditions for the implementation of the development of the industry in Ukraine by the state authorities are substantiated.
Keywords: animal husbandry development, state regulation, economic and economic factors, approaches, new conditions, transformation, basic principles.
9. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532699 Pomaza-Ponomarenko A. UKRAINE: STATE 404 AND / OR SECURITY AND SOCIAL CONSENSUS?
Abstract. It was determined that the development of Ukraine happens distinctly and cyclically under the conditions of internal and external challenges. It was defined that among its distinct signs of development are revolutionism – evolutionism, authoritarianism – democratism, etc. It was proved that the „identification code‟ of the development of Ukraine is defined by the transformations, which happen at all possible levels – individual, national and global ones. It was determined that important for our state is the formation and support of positive tendencies of its social and economic development, the achievement of social and political consensus, and the fulfillment of effective co-operation in the field of this development.
Key words: Ukraine, public administration, functions, consensus.
10. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532701 Poroka S. ANALYSIS OF CHALLENGES AND THREATS TO NATIONAL SECURITY OF UKRAINE, OF THEIR THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL DEFINITION STATE
Abstract. The paper studies the state of definition of challenges and threats to national security of Ukraine. The threats and challenges faced by the country were systematized and specified. It was defined that they include the process of global economic, political and cultural integration and unification, or globalization, rapid development of ICT, etc. It was proved that the current understanding of the essence of challenges and threats to national security favours the methodological grounding of the tasks of national security support. It was defined that the threats and challenges to it become universal rapidly, while the unsolved global problems of the present time also fill the notion of threats to national security with the new purport.
Keywords: national security, state, threat, challenge, system of international relations, crisis, new challenges and threats.
11. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532703 Ruban A. THE CONCEPTUAL BASES OF THE STATE REGULATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY
Abstract. The conceptual bases of the state regulation of national security are developed in the article. In particular, the key sources of threats to national security are identified. The main directions of the state policy on state and public security ensuring in the long term are proposed. The advantages of developing of the state policy focused on ensuring of State and public security are justified. A set of measures for State and public security ensuring is developed.
Keywords: conceptual bases, State regulation, national security, threats, public policy, State and public security.
12. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532706 Savchenko I THEORETICAL-CONCEPTUAL BASES AND PRINCIPLES OF THE STATE POLICY IN THE LAND RELATIONS IN UKRAINE
Abstract. The article deals with the basic principles of the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of land relations, which is a complex process, the effectiveness of which depends on its scientific validity of the scientific and conceptual apparatus. It is substantiated that the key actors of the land relations system are the state and local selfgovernment bodies, which form a complex, hierarchical system that produces land management processes within the limits of the powers and functions established by law. The basic principles of rationalization of state land use policy are described. Basic principles of formation and realization of state policy in the sphere of land relations of Ukraine are defined.
Keywords: implementation of state policy in the field of land relations, principles of state policy in the field of land relations in Ukraine, state policy in the field of land relations, subjects of the land relations system.
13. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532710 Husarov O., Husarov K. COMPLEX PERSONNEL ASSESSMENT MECHANISM IN THE SYSTEM OF THE FORMATION OF PERSONNEL RESERVE GROUPS OF HIERARCHICAL ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS
Abstract. The article gives the development of a theoretical and methodological basis for both the system for the formation of personnel reserve groups in organizations and the development system for managerial personnel in general. The features of the formation of reserve groups of managers in hierarchical organizational systems are investigated. The algorithm of working with a reserve of managers is given, which allows to improve the procedures for evaluating and selecting personnel, motivating the best applicants, and carrying out preliminary control of their activities. The possibility of unification of the use of the above algorithm is shown not only when working with personnel reserve groups, but also in training, preparation, retraining and advanced training of managers in general.
Keywords: personnel, personnel reserve, personnel assessment, management level, training program, algorithm.
14. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532733 Apostol O. THE SYSTEMIC TRANSFORMATIONS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS
Abstract. The systemic transformations of public administration of economic competitiveness are explored in the paper. In particular, the concepts of synergy are described and its role and place in public management of economic competitiveness are justified. It was emphasized that, because of synergies, the organizational and managerial factors were central concerning enhancing of competitiveness of enterprises and their products. Synergy is reduced to the strategic benefits that arise from the integration of enterprises and public institutions. The content of the marketing model of production competitiveness creasing as a guarantee of economy's competitiveness strengthening is revealed. It was noted that the model included six successive phases, outlining the challenges being addressed and their importance for maximizing the impact. It is noted that the most important stage of the given model is the development of a strategy of improving of competitiveness of products, which is a set of measures to ensure the sustainable production of products with competitive advantages, with a tendency to maintain and strengthen them in the long term. The features of application of quality management in state management of economy competitiveness are presented. It is noted that it includes monitoring, evaluation and statistical analysis of factors aimed at production ensuring with high quality characteristics, which stimulate economic growth of business. A methodology for consumer risks calculating as criteria for competitiveness is developed.
Keywords: public administration, economy competitiveness, systemic transformation, quality management, strategic advantages.
15. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532735 Berezin M. ENSURING PUBLIC SECURITY AS THE BASIS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE FIELD OF PUBLIC ORDER PROTECTION
Abstract. It is determined that the terms “public order”, “public security”, “personal security of citizens” are widespread, they are often used both in international legal documents, national legislation, and in socio-economic and legal literature. This implies the need for a theoretical understanding of the essence of public safety and personal security of citizens. Public order as a result of the consolidation of real social relations (both ideological and economic) by legal norms and other social norms. This result is a definite system of social relations, enshrined in various social norms, primarily the rule of law; public order is a system of public relations, enshrined in various social norms that determine the rights and obligations of their participants; public order is not only just public relations enshrined in the normative order. The concept of "rule of law" is characterized, which is an organization of public life based on law and legality, reflects the qualitative state of public relations at a certain stage in the development of society. The essence of the mechanism for the implementation of rights and freedoms in the field of public order protection is investigated. The basic principles of the implementation of administrative law protecting public order are substantiated.
Keywords: public safety, public protection, law and order, public order protection, personal security, administrative and legal prohibitions, administrative responsibility.
16. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532737 Gren L. MECHANISMS OF PUBLIC GOVERNANCE IN THE FIELD OF VOCATIONAL (VOCATION-AND-TECHNICAL) TRAINING
Abstract. The article discusses approaches to determining the definition of "public administration mechanisms" in the researches of national and foreign scientists; the practical use of state management mechanisms in works by foreign researchers has been clarified; researches by national scientists on mechanisms of state policy realization in the field of vocational (vocation-and-technical) training are analyzed;mechanisms of public administration (political, administrative, organizational, regulatory, economic, informational) in the field of vocational (vocation-and-technical) training have been defined and characterized, and their role in the development and modernization of this field has been revealed.
Keywords: public administration mechanisms, vocational (vocation-andtechnical) training, a complex government mechanism, synergistic effect.
17. DOI:Huida O. LEGAL MECHANISM OF PUBLIC REGULATION OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE
Abstract. The need to improve the legal mechanism of public regulation of the telecommunications market development in Ukraine has been substantiated in the article. The telecommunications sector is characterized by its dynamism, rapid development and internationalization as more and more countries in the world take advantage of privatization, competition and foreign direct investment. The fragmented national markets are increasingly opening up to contacts with the markets of other countries, which creates conditions for accelerated technology transfer and competition development.Telecommunications networks are an important component of the overall infrastructure and a strong base, both for connecting consumers with each other (businesses and private users) and for speeding up the information transfer process. Modern telecommunications networks serve to enhance the universality and productivity of today’s information society.
18. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532929 Elizarov O., Radchenko O. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SECURITY OF UKRAINE: STRATEGIC PRIORITIES AND DOCTRINAL PROVISIONS
Abstract. The principles of public administration of social and economic security of Ukraine are analyzed. Its strategic priorities and doctrinal provisions are substantiated.
Keywords: public administration, social and economic security, strategy, doctrine.
19. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532745 Kizian R. STRATEGIC AREAS OF IMPROVEMENT MECHANISMS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION ANTI-TERRORIST SECURITY SYSTEM OF UKRAINE
Abstract. The article substantiates the relevance and importance of scientific research on the problems of the development of public administration mechanisms in the sphere of combating terrorism. The analysis of the legal framework and scientific researches in the sphere of substantiation of strategic directions of combating terrorism is carried out. Informational-analytical, analytical-diagnostic, conceptually-oriented and forecastoriented parts of strategic directions of improving the mechanisms of state management of the system of anti-terrorist security of Ukraine are substantiated.
Key words: public administration, mechanisms of public administration, national security of Ukraine, anti-terrorist security of the population, strategic directions of improvement.
20. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532749 Kurskaya T. STATE REGULATION OF SOCIAL WORK WITH ELDERLY PEOPLE
Abstract. IThe article is aim at studying the main features of state regulation of problems of social work with the elderly. In the article author reveals the problematic issues facing the state in the implementation of state regulation of social sphere of social services for elderly people, describes the main directions of social work with this category of persons and explores the forms of providing social security within the framework of state regulation of the sphere.
Key words: state regulation, social work, social service sphere, social sphere, social security, elderly people.
21. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532751 Lopushynskyi I. STATE POLICY ON DEVELOPMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AREA: OVERVIEW OF WORLD PRACTICEIN THE CONTEXT OF ITS APPLICATION IN THE UKRAINIAN REALITIES
Abstract. The article deals with the issues of state policy on the development of the livestock industry, defines the peculiarities of the implementation of state support for the livestock industry, explores the world practice of functioning of the mechanism of state support of the livestock industry. It is proved that in Ukraine the potential of the industry has a significant advantage over its current state. It is shown that the formation of a rational structure of production of the livestock industry will solve the issue of intrabranch deformations of agriculture, contributing to ensuring food security of Ukraine.
Keywords: world experience, public policy, state regulation, state support.
22. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532755 Moroz V. THE DIALECTIC OF UNITY AND CONTRADICTION OF THE CONTENTS OF THE CATEGORIES «MECHANISMS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION» AND «MECHANISMS OF STATE»
Abstract. Based on the results of analysis of scientific approaches to the interpretation of the categorical content of the definitions "mechanisms of public administration" and "mechanisms of the state" were determined by their concepts and formulated generalizations about their main characteristics. The article contains a generalization on the possibility of improving the definition of the category "mechanisms of public administration". In article there are determined individual(unique) and common characteristics of each of researched categories and proposed the author's view on their relationship.
Keywords: fields of science "public administration", mechanisms of public administration, mechanisms of the state, approaches to the definition of the category content, conceptualization of the category content, dialectics of unity and contradictions of the content.
23. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532760 Pavlii N. THE WAYS OF IMPROVING OF THE ECONOMIC MECHANISM OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Abstract. The ways of improving of the economic mechanism of environmental protection is explored in the article. In particular, the following factors of imperfections of the economic mechanism of environmental activity are identified: imperfections of the system of payments for environmental pollution and the mechanism of their indexing; lack of regulation of the targeted use of funds intended to environmental protection and natural resources reproduction; lack of preferential taxation and credit when financing environmental measures; failure to take into account environmental factors as a mandatory condition in privatization, bankruptcy, implementation of investment projects and etc. The State measures of economic mechanism of improvement of environmental management and protection is identified. The need of preparation of the Concept of Development of Environmental Legislation of Ukraine at the State level is noted. The economic mechanism of protection of the natural environment is a basis of the given Concept. The directions of improving of the economic mechanism of environmental management and protection at the regional level are identified. The emphasis is placed on the expediency of taking a decision on the preservation of earmarked budgetary environmental funds in the regions of Ukraine, as well as on the wider use of effective environmental-economic regulators at the regional level. The administrative fines for environmental offences are justified, as well as the formation of environmental funds as the most effective economic methods of nature protection.
Key words: environmental protection, ecological and economic regulators, economic mechanism, environmental fines.
24. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532778 Torichniy V. THE TECHNOLOGIES OF DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF INFORMATION POLICY OF A STATE
Abstract. The technologies of development and implementation of information policy of a State are investigated in the article. In particular, the subject of study of a State information policy is defined. The following specific social and political features of civil society, which are among the interests of forming and implementing of the information policy of a State, are highlighted: activities of free associations, social institutions, social movements and etc; realization of rights and freedoms of an individual, his inviolability and security; independence of economic entities while operation of various forms of ownership. The specific manifestations of the information policy of a State are grouped by the following directions: subject matter of the information policy of a State; temporary measurement of the information policy of a State; spatial dimension of the information policy of a State; direction of the State information policy on social progress; methods of implementation of information policy of a State. The components of the information policy of a State are described.
Keywords: information policy of a State, technologies, social and political features, realization of power.
25. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532782 Iuskov G. FORMATION OF MECHANISMS AND TECHNOLOGIES OF INTERACTION WITH THE PUBLIC IN THE PUBLIC GOVERNANCE SYSTEM
Abstract. It is determined that democratic reforms in Ukraine have actualized the need to form new relations between the state and society, based on the concepts of interaction, openness and dialogue that are important for the democratic construction. Both the state and society feel this urgent need. Harmonization of interests, presentation of goals and intentions, formation of an atmosphere of mutual trust between different subjects of interaction is facilitated by one of the modern disciplines - public relations, the essence of which is to create and maintain friendly relations between the organization and the community, to achieve harmony and mutual respect. It was noted that the development of sociology was of great importance for the formation of public relations. The PR began to rely on sociological methods of studying the public and the media. Public relations is constantly enriched with knowledge about the objects of social psychology - social psychology, social psychology of personality, social psyche, etc. There is a need to name a number of human, social and technical sciences that have contributed to the development of public relations: journalism, political science, history, cultural studies, linguistics, conflictology, and more. It can be concluded that the social sciences and humanities have formed a kind of theoretical foundation for public relations. In the process of its formation, public relations, interacting with different social practices, attracting knowledge and skills of different disciplines, gradually acquired its characteristic feature - integrality. Public relations and advocacy have some common features: first, the "family subject field" - in the center of their attention is public opinion; second, one of their functions is the influence function. Both PR and advocacy deal with public communications. Both propaganda and PR activities cover the broadest spheres of public life. PR and propaganda use virtually the same channels and media. We can conclude that PR and propaganda are quite close to each other due to the scale of processes, social adaptability and common objects. It should also be added that social communications allow for elements of propaganda for the sake of socially positive goal.
Keywords: relations between the state and society, public administration, interaction with the public, social psychology, social practices, social communications, socially positive goals.
26. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532784 Verbitskiy O., Nadyon O. SOCIAL SECURITY AS PURPOSE AND STATE SECURITY AS INSTITUTIONAL MEANST
Abstract. Scientific and legal grounds of public administration of social security of Ukraine were studied. Its determination as a purpose of state policy, which covers the range of institutional means, was grounded.
Keywords: public administration, social security, development, institutional means.
27. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532786 Leonenko N.INSTITUTIONAL FOUNDATIONS OF STATE REGULATION OF THE TOURISM OF UKRAINE: MODERN STATUS AND HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
Abstract. The article deals with the peculiarities and directions of the implementation of the state energy policy in different countries of the world. Effectiveness of mechanisms of realization of state energy policy abroad is determined. The ways of improving the state energy policy of Ukraine are considered in the light of foreign experience.
Key words: state energy policy, mechanisms for implementing state energy policy, strategic oil reserves, alternative energy, energy efficiency.
28. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532790 Lopatchenko I. THE MEDIATION SYSTEM AS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF PREVENTION AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN THE INTERACTION OF THE AUTHORITIES AND THE PUBLIC
Abstract. The system of mediation is considered as an important component of the prevention and resolution of conflicts in the interaction between the authorities and the public. The current state of use of the mediation system in the interaction of authorities and the public in Ukraine and foreign countries is analyzed.
Key words: public; conflict; mediation; conflict resolution; interaction; mediator.
29. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3534860 Muzyka Y., Guida O. MAIN ELEMENTS OF UKRAINE'S ENERGY STRATEGY
Abstract. The article explores the main elements of the implementation of the energy strategy of Ukraine. The level of energy security of Ukraine in modern conditions is analyzed. The main reasons for the insufficient level of energy security of Ukraine are considered. The necessity of increasing the level of energy efficiency and energy saving in all spheres of public life is proved. The directions of implementing the state policy of 242 energy efficiency and energy saving as a necessary prerequisite for ensuring the energy security of Ukraine are proposed.
Keywords: state policy, mechanisms of implementation of state policy, energy strategy of Ukraine, energy efficiency and energy saving, energy security, renewable energy.
30. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532837 Usachenko O. STATE REGULATION OF DEVELOPMENT OF ARMS AND MILITARY EQUIPMENT OF UKRAINE
Abstract. It is stated that ensuring the readiness of the country for defense is specified in the form of the most complete satisfaction of the need of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in modern weapons and military equipment (OVT), including in communications equipment. In this case, the degree of satisfaction of the needs of the Armed Forces of Ukraine depends not only on the amount of resources allocated for the defense of the country, but also on the effectiveness of their use. At the same time, the most important prerequisite for maintaining the Armed Forces' combat readiness at the required level is the continuous improvement of the AFS samples. Modern means and methods of warfare are increasingly demanding, causing the emergence of weapons and military equipment based on fundamentally new technical solutions and physical principles. All this leads to complication of tasks, which are solved by the Armed Forces of Ukraine, increase of constructive and functional complexity of the samples caused by the increase of requirements for their tactical and technical characteristics and, as a rule, increase of economic costs. In these circumstances, there was a sharp contradiction between the satisfaction of the troops in high-quality OVT samples and the limited material, labor and financial resources allocated by the state for the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
Key words: state regulation, arms and military equipment, tactical and technical characteristics, industrial production, program-targeted planning.
31. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532839 TsalkoT., Nevmerzhytska S. REFORM OF THE SYSTEM OF INTERNAL FOOD AID AS A MECHANISM FOR PROVIDING THE FOOD SECURITY OF THE COUNTRY
Abstract. the article analyzes the development and functioning of the administrative management systems of the leading European countries: Great Britain, Germany and France. The general characteristics of the existing systems of administrative management of the countries, including the central and local levels, are given. Particular attention was paid to the experience of decentralization and deconcentration in these countries.
Keywords: administrative management, reform, decentralization, deconcentration, administrative management system, management.
32. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532841 Postupna O., Stepanko O. SUBSTANTIATION OF THE NEED TO CONSIDER THE DEMOGRAPHIC DATA IN PLANNING THE REGIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
Abstract. The article substantiates the need to consider the demographic data in planning the development of the regional education system. The results of diagnosing the state and development of the educational system of Kharkiv region are explained, its main tendencies, problems and threats are revealed. The scenarios of possible changes in the education system of the region are presented and the probabilities of additional opportunities for its development are established.
Keywords: management cycle functions, regional education system, demographic crisis, birth rate.
33. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3233393 Vavreniuk S. EFFICIENCY OF IMPLEMENTATION OF PUBLIC POLICY IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Abstract. This article is devoted to the effectiveness of the implementation of state policy in the field of higher education of Ukraine within the framework of integration into the educational European space. The article analyzes the powers of public authorities in the field of higher education. As a result, the author points to the need to ensure the quality of higher education. Much attention is paid to the characteristics of the quality of higher education as one of the criteria for improving the efficiency of implementation of public policy in the field of higher education. The author concludes that by defining the relevant directions and principles of the quality of higher education it is possible to improve its effectiveness and implement public policy. The author concludes that the educational policy of the state is aimed at improving the quality of the higher education system and meeting the needs of the entire population of the state.
Key words: public administration, higher education system, efficiency of public administration, modernization, development strategy.
34. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532847 Dreval Yu., Sharovatova O. MOTIVATIONAL ASPECT FORMATION OF STATE POLICY IN THE SPHERE OF SOCIAL-LABOR RELATIONS AND WORK SAFETY
Abstract. The importance of motivation for the formation of state policy in the sphere of social and labor relations is considered. Emphasis is placed on the fact that the elaboration of state-political decisions should be based on the need for a conscious attitude of all subjects of such attitudes to the safety and hygiene of work. The notion of dualistic understanding of motivation is further substantiated by the example of the ratio of positive and negative attitudes of people to work.
Keywords: state policy, motivation, stimulation, external motivation, internal motivation, social and labor relations, labor, labor protection.
35. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532851 Kapelyushny S. THE WAY OF IMPROVEMENT OF THE STATE REGULATION OF THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE YOUTH LEADERSHIP LEVEL OF THE NATIONAL GUARD OF UKRAINE
Abstract. The article substantiates the relevance and importance of scientific research on the problems of improving the state regulation of the system of professional development of the NCO of the National Guard of Ukraine. The structure of the results of the professional training of the NCO is given. The components of improvement of the system of professional development of the NCO of the National Guard of Ukraine are substantiated.
Keywords: public administration, mechanisms of public administration, NCO, ways of improvement, National Guard of Ukraine.
36. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532853 Kachan Y.CONCEPTS OF PERSONNEL SUPPLY IN PUBLIC SERVICE IN UKRAINE
Abstract. The article defines the essence of the concept of "personnel potential" and "personnel potential of civil servant". The features and stages of the development of the state personnel policy are highlighted. The basic directions of personnel support of activity of public administration bodies are revealed. The main features of the state 296 personnel policy are outlined. The ways of increasing the efficiency of the bodies responsible for the state personnel policy are highlighted.
Keywords:personnel potential, state personnel policy, development, stages, staffing, features of state personnel policy.
37. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532855 Moroz S. THE LEVEL OF ACCORDANCE OF THE UNIVERSITY KNOWLEDGE TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE LABOUR MARKET: ANALYSIS OF THE POINT OF VIEW OF STUDENTS' FROM DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE WAYS OF IMPROVEMENT OF MECHANISMS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM
Abstract. The article contains the results of an analysis of survey of students from domestic institutions of higher education on the level of accordance of university knowledge to the requirements of the labour market. The ways to improve the content of the state policy in the field of higher education are proven due to the change of certain norms of the Regulation on accreditation of educational programs, with the help of which the applicants for higher education are trained. The article contains summarizes and conclusions on the content and practice of using the mechanisms of public administration over the quality of higher education in the context of ensuring accordance between the opportunities (proposals) of the Institutions of higher education training professionals with higher education and the requirements (expectations) of the labour market.
Keywords: quality of higher education; accordance of university knowledge to the requirements of labour market; training programmes; public administration bodies; survey of students from domestic institutions of higher education; ways to improve the mechanisms of public administration over the sphere of higher education.
38. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3233357 Khmyrov I. THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF STATE MANAGEMENT OF E-LEARNING QUALITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Abstract. The international experience of state management of e-learning quality in higher education is explored in the article. In particular, the approaches to quality assessment and management in electronic and distance learning are identified. It is emphasized that application of a universal standard for certification of CEL e-learning programs is the key area of quality assessment and management in e-learning and distance learning. The following main areas of evaluation of e-learning quality in the global context are highlighted: program; pedagogics; economy; technologies; organization and culture. The international criteria for assessing of the quality of e-learning are established. It is shown that these criteria are divided into the following groups: management; development; service; monitoring and development.
Key words: quality of e-learning, higher education system, quality assessment criteria, educational programs.
39. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532861 Palyukh V. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF THE INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITY ON THE EXAMPLE OF FOREIGN EXPERIENCE
Abstract. The directions and mechanisms of public administration of science development in higher educational institutions of Ukraine have been analysed in the paper. The theoretical approaches to the development of the system of public administration of the scientific activity have been improved. The current development of the scientific and scientific-technical activity in Ukraine and leading foreign countries have been analysed. The mechanisms of the science governmental support development have been considered. The proposals concerning improvement of public administration of the scientific and scientific-technical activity in higher educational institutions of Ukraine have been elaborated.
Key words: public administration, science, research and development work, scientific and technical activity, scientific research.
40. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532866 Batyr Yu STATE MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION OF FORESTRY ENTERPRISES OF UKRAINE
Abstract. In the work the essence of the system of state management of innovationinvestment activity, phases of investment of innovative processes is revealed, the volumes of performed scientific and scientific-technical works are investigated and the main factors of inhibition of innovative development of agrarian industry of Ukraine are highlighted. It has been determined that this problem should be solved in accordance with the state concept of rural development and agar economy, taking into account the interests of both producers and rural population.
Keywords: innovations, investments, innovative activity, agrarian branch, management, volume of scientific and technical works.
41. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532868 Kovalchuk V., Makogon P. EFFICIENT PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE FIELD OF TAXATION AS A GUARANTOR OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Abstract. The efficiency of public administration in the sphere of taxes is considered. The main stages of tax reforms are identified and their sequence is established. The relationship between public administration in the tax system and the socio-economic development of the region is examined. An organizational and economic mechanism of tax potential management has been created. The ways of improvement and the vector of development of public administration in the field of taxation are proposed.
Keywords: public administration, tax administration, tax potential, socioeconomic development, region.
42. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532870 Ortyna G., Yefimenko L. PARTNERSHIP AS A BASIS FOR THE COMPETITIVENESS OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN CONDITIONS OF DECENTRALIZATION
Abstract. The article attempts to analyze the tendencies of economic development through competition and partnership, and suggests the advantages of implementing the partnership. The role of the state in the sustainable development of communities is specified. The problem of competition and partnership in terms of sustainable development is analyzed. The prospects for the development of decentralization and partnership processes in Ukraine are outlined in the light of the complex demographic situation. The process of formation of sustainable development of communities through partnership as a component of state policy and a priority direction of economic development, as well as the result of partnership between communities for the sustainable development of the state economy, is presented. The essence of the idea of urbanization, which is the organization of cooperation between urban and rural areas on the basis of mutually beneficial cooperation, distribution of powers, use of existing advantages in order to bring rural areas closer to sources of concentration of innovation, social and financial capital, investments, to objects of social, transport infrastructures inherent in urban settlements, along with more active involvement of resources, which are rich in rural areas, in the processes of social production. The basic principles on which cooperation is based, namely: legality, voluntariness, mutual benefit, transparency and openness, equality of participants, mutual responsibility of the subjects of cooperation for its results. The implementation of sustainable community development is considered, which involves the necessity of finding new locomotives for economic growth by developing partnerships between the sectors of society and involving them in the planning, development and implementation of all stakeholders, as it is only through the joint resolution of urgent problems that it is possible to ensure the successful implementation of the strategy.
Keywords: competition, partnership, state policy, innovation system, resource.
43. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532906 Ryeznikov V. STATE POLICY FOR THE RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EUROPEAN INTEGRATION OF THE UKRAINE
Abstract. The features of state support for rural development in the European Union are characterized. The ineffectiveness of the state policy of rural development in Ukraine is emphasized, especially in the context of its European integration aspirations. The directions and mechanisms of formation and implementation of the state policy of rural development in Ukraine are determined, taking into account the existing European experience.
Keywords: state policy in the field of European integration of Ukraine, state policy for rural development, rural territories, sustainable development, EU Common Agricultural Policy.
44. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532914 Gontarenko L.,Tsokota V., Liebiedieva S.,Parfenov G STEPS TO CHILDREN SAFETY IN EMERGENCY
Abstract. Emergency response algorithms are developed based on an analysis of the practical experience of rescuers and experts. In the future, these algorithms should be implemented into the education system for psychological readiness and effective emergency management. The algorithms are implemented through high-tech educational and psychological training for emergency managers‟ training at schools, kindergartens and childcare institutions. It will promote safety actions among the citizen and increase the level of trust to the State Emergency Service of Ukraine. The program "Child safety is a step into the future" was developed and tested.
Keywords: psychological readiness, resilience, training, emergency management, education.
45. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532917 Ignatyev O., Shvedun V. PECULIARITIES OF STATE GOVERNANCE OF MONITORING POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS OBJECTS
Abstract. The article clarifies the definition of monitoring of potentially dangerous objects in order to improve the organizational mechanism of public administration. The functional scheme of the monitoring system is considered. It is suggested to consider the monitoring process as one that determines the forecasting process.
Keywords: mechanisms of state administration, monitoring of potentially dangerous objects, emergency situation.
46. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532919 Shevchuk R. PUBLIC REGULATION OF EMERGENCIES AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL
Abstract. The problem of formation and development of the economic mechanism of public regulation of emergencies at the regional level has been analysed in the paper. The feature of any emergency is its territorial linkage, thus, the comprehensive implementation of the measures to prevent disasters and overcome their consequences is possible only at the regional level implemented through regional governance and quality public funding. It is the regional authorities that, to the greatest extent, are informed about the local conditions close to the emergency zones and have local resources to respond effectively to the problems of the entire regional socio-economic system and negative changes of its parameters and institutional conditions as a result of the emergency. They also can organise and use the economic mechanism of public regulation to prevent and overcome the consequences of emergencies.
Key words: public regulation, economic mechanism of emergencies prevention in Ukraine, mechanism of public administration.
47. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532921 Yurchenko V. ERATION IN EMERGENCIES BY STATE EXECUTIVE AUTHORITIES: STATUS AND PROBLEMSTHE ORGANIZATION OF COOP
Abstract. It is investigated the sequence and maintenance of work of heads of State executiv e authorities during emergencies. On the basis of the analysis of the provisions of the regulatory documents on the organization of interaction during an emergency, it is established that they are ambiguously interpret the list and content of operational documents, which complicates the implementation by the authorities and the forces of civil defense of assigned tasks. It is shown that The order of organization of cooperation between the government authorities and civil defense force during emergenciesis. The article contains the structure of the typical plan of cooperation between the organs of management and forces of civil defence during an emergency.
Keywords: state executive authorities,organization of cooperation,government authorities and civil defense force, plan of engagement.
48. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532925 Kuleshov N.,Yashchenko O., Bezuhla Yu CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO REFORMING THE CIVIL PROTECTION SYSTEM IN UKRAINE
Abstract. The article outlines the main directions and ways of reforming (building) the civil protection system and its individual components, within which approaches and measures to improve the level of reliability of the state civil protection system are proposed.
Keywords: civil protection, system, governing bodies, structure, emergencies, reform.
49. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532925 Cherkashyn O., Ischuk V., Ponomarenko R. INDICATORS OF THE FORMATION OF FIRE-PREVENTION KNOWLEDGE IN YOUNGER STUDENTS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE NEW STATE STANDARD
Abstract. In the article forming criteria are described for the junior schoolchildren of fire-prevention knowledge in the conditions of the new State standard of primary education. In accordance with Statutes of New Ukrainian school fire-prevention conversations with children and practical training on results that the level of their knowledge is certain are conducted. The subjects of study of fire safety schoolchildren are presented up-to-date. Reason of ignorance of bases of fire safety that is required by the state children is educed.Methodology of improvement of level of knowledge is offered on questions fire safety in the conditions of introduction of the new State standard of primary education.
Keywords: state standard, educational process, new Ukrainian school, State standard of elementary education, knowledge formation.
50. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532929 Moroz S., Moroz V. GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE MECHANISM OF STATE GOVERNANCE OF THE ENERGY INDUSTRY OF UKRAINE
Abstract. According to the analysis of scientific approaches to the interpretation of the structure of the public administration mechanism, the author elaborated the viewpoint and the position regarding the main elements of the public sector and its advantages and disadvantages. Critical rethinking of the content of scientific concepts regarding the content of the structure of the mechanism of public administration allowed to build the general structure of the mechanism of public management of the development of the energy sector of Ukraine. In addition, the article contains the results of generalization on possible areas of influence of public administration entities on the development of the energy sector of Ukraine.
Keywords: public administration, mechanisms of public administration, subjects and objects of public administration, energy sector, structure of the mechanism of public administration
51. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3532932 Bieliaieva O. IMPROVEMENT OF MODERN MECHANISMS OF MANAGEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL PREVIOUS EDUCATION
Abstract. The work of the institution of professional higher education in the conditions of competition between educational institutions is analyzed. In modern conditions in institutions of professional higher education in order to survive and function effectively, it is necessary to coordinate their goals with the goals of the labor market and education; heads of educational institutions to review the forms and methods of work with all participants in the educational process,to develop in them the skills of charity, civic activity, to expand their participation in the development, adoption and implementation of legal decisions in thefield of education; be able to cooperate with patrons, deputies, organizationsand public and public institutions. With the development of democracy and the expansion of the practice of co-management, institutions of professional higher education will increasingly rely on public organizations and communities. This will help complete the transition from a policy of patronage and domination of the state over the public to their constructive partnership and interaction. The task of democratization of management as a result of constructive dialogue of the institution of professional higher education, the public and the state is to unite all subjects for joint actions on the basis of their real interest in the development of education. Therefore, the management system must be constantly developed and improved, respectively, the heads and managers of educational institutions, as managers of education, must constantly improve their skills.
Keywords: public administration, institutions of professional pre-higher education, management, education system, higher education, quality of education, management of the educational process.
Abstract. It is noted that in the political aspect, tax policy is, first of all, the most important component not only of the financial but also the social system of the state. The fairness of the redistribution of resource goods in the state, social support of the population, and, accordingly, social stability in the state largely depend on tax policy. It is noted that in the modern scientific and educational literature there is still no unambiguous interpretation of the concept of "tax policy". In any case, tax policy is the most important component of the state socioeconomic course. It is designed to promote the formation of a tax system that stimulates the growth of national wealth and social well-being, to rationalize the use of this wealth, as well as to strike a balance between the interests of the 439 national economy and population, thus ensuring socio-economic progress. It is proposed to direct the state tax strategy to achieve the following goals: ensuring high dynamics of economic growth, reducing the level of production cyclicality, eliminating imbalances in development, overcoming inflation (economic objectives); redistribution of national income to support vulnerable groups by stimulating growth; income and prevention of declining incomes of ordinary citizens (social tasks); increase in government revenues (fiscal targets); development of economic relations with other representatives of the world community, creation of a favorable climate for the balance of payments (international tasks). It is proposed to consider the tax - a multifaceted concept, as it is directly related to several important areas of public life: economics, economy and politics. That is why it is quite difficult to understand its nature. Taxation is a kind of quintessence of interests formed in the national economy, regardless of the degree of development of society, models of its organization and the state system of the country. This once again emphasizes the fact that the tax is a complex category (philosophical, economic-value and legal), which means that the economic interests of the subjects of tax relations must be consistent with each other.
Keywords: tax policy, social system of the state, redistribution of resource goods, social support, taxation, tax
53. DOI 10.17150/2500-4255.2019.13(3).426-437 Karpeko N. ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGEMENT MECHANISM FOR ANTI-CORRUPTION AS A CONDITION FOR ENSURING THE ECONOMIC SECURITY OF THE COUNTRY
Abstract. The article analyzes the problem of formation and functioning of organizational and economic mechanism for anti-corruption, which is a necessary condition for economic security of Ukraine, search and definition of modern organizational, managerial and economic factors that complicate the eradication of corruption, its impact on national security, and on this basis, the formation of organizational and managerial mechanism for anti-corruption
Keywords: organizational and managerial mechanism, anti-corruption; anti-corruption activities; normative legal regulation; governance; public authorities and administration.
Abstract. The fuel and energy complex (FEC) of Ukraine, being one of the basic intersectoral economic complexes of the country, plays a strategically important role in the system of socio-economic development of the country and its regions. Intensification of industrial production, its significant energy intensity and growth of energy efficiency of labor creates a certain economic basis for the development of fuel and energy and requires the implementation of measures for state regulation of its operation and intensification of its restructuring processes. The development of the fuel and energy complex of the regions of the country depends on the effectiveness of state regulatory bodies of its subjects, the effectiveness of state regulatory mechanisms (economic, financial, administrative, etc.), which operate alongside the market and complement them. Therefore, the issues of analysis and evaluation of the system of state regulation of the fuel and energy complex of Ukraine, which has developed in the conditions of transformation of the economy of the country and its regions, are extremely relevant.
Keywords: fuel and energy complex (FEC), the system of state regulation, transformation processes, the model of state regulation of development of fuel and energy complex, economic impacts.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of public administration in the field of entrepreneurship, in particular models of building effective and efficient systems. It stated that the system of public administration in Ukraine has been in a state of reform for a long time, according to which the main goal is to improve the level and quality of life of the population. At the same time, the fact that today experts and specialists in this field are talking about a new stage of reforms, but not about its completion, therefore, should not be taken as evidence that the process has dragged on, as various stages have been successively passed. During the implementation of which there was a change in approaches to the process of organization and technology of reform. These changes caused by the development of ideas about what state and what kind of government our society needs, and the development of legislation and the state, the institutions of their components, which could not but lead to a change in priority concepts and ideas, approaches and tools for their implementation. In addition, public administration reform is a complex task, the solution of which is possible only with the consolidation of efforts of all departments and constructive political forces; therefore, models of building an effective system in the field of business management become especially important. It concluded that it is clearly quite difficult to propose a certain model of public administration and the way to the transition to this ideal model. Instead, taking into account various postulates and concepts, the stages of public administration reform presented, new approaches, technologies and tools proposed, which have not yet become the usual principles and approaches for the domestic public administration system. The analysis of the main issues and directions of public administration improvement allows us to conclude that the domestic government and civil society are fully aware of the full range of current issues and can critically assess the reform path and experience gained, as well as rethink the most successful foreign practices in the field of public administration.
Keywords: state regulation, public administration, entrepreneurship, economic strategies, public administration activity, entrepreneurial activity
Abstract. The article considers the main recent trends that strengthen the role of innovation and its impact on the efficiency of industrial production processes. System opportunities for interaction of enterprises of different industries in order to implement the industrial policy of import substitution. In the course of the analysis of the requirements of the legislation the possibilities of increasing the efficiency in the field of economy and management of investment activity of enterprises shall be identified. An intersectoral system shall be proposed, which includes three mechanisms of interested cooperation between equipment manufacturers, consumers and investors. Technical and economic analysis serves as a connecting mechanism in the system of partnership interaction.
Keywords: industrial policy, import substitution, innovation, government mechanisms, economic efficiency, stimulation of industrial activity
Abstract. In the article foreign and home experience is investigational in relation to the public policy of forming and advancement of brand of country. Basic functions are distinguished, in particular trade and economic missions that influence on forming of national brand. It is found out, that forming and advancement of brand of Ukraine is the task of national weight, it costs to attract to implementation of that, in accordance with the competense, all executive of the state bodies. As foreign experience of the national branding, providing of forming and advancement of unique character, positive international image certifies for Ukraine is the important means of defence and realization of her national interests, and also increase of success of country in competitive activity on the international markets of sale and receipt of investments. Certainly, that a public policy in relation to the brand of country has providing the concerted actions of public and public organizations authorities in this direction on the basis of the use economic, intellectual and cultural potential of Ukrainian society. Advancement of brand of country takes place through political and cultural sphere; development of tourist potential; bringing of national legislation is to conformity with european standards; business and investment image; bank and money-and-credit spheres; activation of collaboration with world and regional international organizations; realization of events is in the field of power politics.
Keywords: national branding, country brand, state policy, image.
Abstract. The article considers the essence and concepts of organizational price and economic mechanism of sustainable development of the region, sectoral aspects of activity during sustainable development. The main directions of development of the organizational and economic mechanism of sustainable development of regional systems are determined. Taking into account the purpose of the study, the organizational and economic mechanism of the regional system is considered and the model of sustainable development of the region is characterized. The mechanism of achievement of stability of development of the region which provides complex stability within the limits of existing regional features taking into account annual demand of the basic products of manufacture is defined.
Keywords: sustainable development of regional systems, the concept of organizational and economic mechanism, mechanisms of sustainable development, sectoral aspects of sustainable development.
Abstract. The article reveals the essence of the financial mechanism of state regulation of enterprise development in modern market economy. The main theoretical and methodological approaches to the disclosure of the meaning of the concept of "financial mechanism" are considered. An integrated approach shall be applied, which provides a simultaneous understanding of this category as a means of internal organization of financial relations, a means of implementing management decisions in the management of financial resources and a means of implementing the impact of finance on economic activity of enterprises
Keywords: financial mechanism of state regulation, state regulation of enterprise development, functions, principles, methods of state regulation of the economy; economic policy, financial resources.
Abstract. The article describes the formation of the state information policy of Ukraine in the field of informatization of public authorities at the local and regional level, the implementation of the task of forming an information society in Ukraine. The article actualizes research in the field of systematization of already received results of creation of the basic elements of the e-government. The article presents the main theoretical provisions of the formation of e-government at the regional and local levels. An overview of the main problems of informatization of local self-government was made and measures for their elimination were offered.
Keywords: local government, informatization, state policy in the field of informatization, state mechanisms, information activity of local self-government bodies, information technologies, management information.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the legal framework for the functioning of the transport sector in the context of public policy. Emphasis is placed on the fact that the basis of the system of state regulation are regulatory methods. With their help the main function of the state is realized - the organization of the market. This means defining the rights and responsibilities of market participants (motor transport companies and their customers); formation of minimum requirements for the qualification of motorists to the quality of services provided. The organization of the motor transport market requires a large regulatory framework. The regulatory system of transport regulation in general should cover all aspects of motor transport activities and relations of motor transport enterprises with consumers of their services, ensure compliance with the interests of cargo owners and passengers, create equal conditions and legal guarantees for development and operation of enterprises of all forms. The most important condition for sustainable, efficient and safe functioning of the transport industry in the period of market relations in the country is the presence of an appropriate system of regulations, which in the process of radical economic reform should be adequately developed and improved. It is concluded that the organization and implementation of cargo transportation is regulated by a system of regulations of general and special nature at the level of the Civil Code of Ukraine, the Central Committee of Ukraine, transport statutes and rules of transportation, international agreements. The introduction of market relations in the system of transport services, the development of private enterprise in transport necessitates the development and adoption of a number of relevant regulations that determine the commercial orientation of transport activities.
Keywords: public administration, transport sphere, legal regulation, legal bases, mechanisms of public administration, transport.
Abstract. The article examines the peculiarities of reproduction of domestic violence in Ukraine. The problems of the transmission of a negative behavior model of children from generation to generation are analyzed, which in the future causes the reproduction of the obtained behavior model and the continuation of domestic violence already in the next generation. The problems of causing domestic violence at the macro- and mega-levels are studied, the main problems of the emergence of such problems in society are outlined. The causes of domestic violence in different parts of the population and the main factors contributing to the systemic nature of domestic violence in different generations have been identified.
Keywords:domestic violence, state policy of combating domestic violence, heredity of domestic violence, combating domestic violence, model of children's behavior, society.
Abstract. The article examines the main forms and essence of social protection, which are used at this stage of the development of our country. The main problems in the implementation of reforms to improve the social protection of military personnel at the current stage have been studied. The actual developments in defining the concept of social protection in the conditions of the professional army in the conditions of unfavorable economic conditions and constant military danger in the state are analyzed. Measures are proposed to reduce and prevent the negative impact of social risks for military personnel who, due to the specifics of their official activities, have no other source of decent living conditions. The place and role of various subjects of social responsibility in the military environment in the system of social protection of servicemen are shown.
Keywords:social protection, state policy of social protection, professional army, armed forces of Ukraine.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of certain issues of public management of socio-economic risks in the context of digitalization through the paradigm of risks and strategies. At the present stage, the world economy is entering a new stage of digital development, which characterized by including the active transformation of institutions and mechanisms of public administration. Unfortunately, in the current conditions of Ukrainian state building, our country is not yet one of the leaders in the development of the digital economy. However, a number of positive trends are already noticeable, and the volume of the digital economy has been growing steadily in recent years. Life, as well as the introduction of digital technologies and platform solutions in the field of public administration and public services. Based on the results of doctrinal and comprehensive research, it concluded that modern public administration institutions transformed after the changing world, so on the one hand, citizens' demands for service quality are constantly growing, and they want to interact with government agencies through digitalization and advanced digital technologies. On the other hand, governments need to reduce administrative costs and increase the efficiency of implemented programs. Digitization, under these conditions, is a very effective mechanism for solving such problems. The creation of a modern digital system of public administration will allow online tracking of problems that arise and participate in their solution. In the domestic economy, digital approaches and technologies in the field of public administration are at the stage of active development and understanding of the practical experience of their application. The study allows us to conclude that the organization of unified digital information platforms, the use of end-to-end digital technologies creates the conditions for achieving a new quality of public administration based on horizontal integration and effective interaction of public authorities. In general, the development of digital technologies creates the basic preconditions for the transition from the model of "service management" to the model of "unified government", more in line with global challenges and risks of economic development. life.
Keywords:public administration, socio-economic risks, digitalization, mechanisms of public administration, digital transformation.